Global warming is a steady increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere. The scientists and the environmentalists states that the data and facts shows that the earth is warming up. The augmented volumes of greenhouse gases emitted by land clearing, the burning of fossil fuels, agriculture, and other human activities, are supposed to be the main sources of the global warming that has occurred over the previous years. Variations resulting from global warming may comprise growing sea levels owing to the melting of the polar ice caps, in addition to an upsurge in rate and harshness of storms and other harsh weather events.
Jonathan Schrag, the veteran in the field of climate, energy, and the environment says that there are various effects on the ecology owing to the global warming which are explained below:
- Because of the global warming, the change in climatic condition takes place which results in the destruction of numerous species and a decrease in the range of ecosystems. Likewise the sea ecosystems would also be affected as water contains noxious matters and biochemical composts that destroy aquatic organisms. The gases emitted from several industries will result in the inadequate rainfall or too much rainfall which will again destroy the natural vegetation.
- The global warming can have an adverse effect on the mankind. Millions of people can suffer from several health complications such as malnutrition; cancer and wound; increase in diarrheal diseases; amplified frequency of cardiovascular diseases, increase in infectious diseases like dengue and malaria. In fact experts suggest that the number of deaths will increase
- Soil erosion and deforestation carried out by human being also causes global warming. This again leads to extinction of wildlife species and aquatic species; resulting in an imbalanced environment.
- The influence on ecosystems, heating up decrease the capability of the ocean to absorb carbon dioxide and the oxygen dissolved in the oceans may drop. This will cause the sea level to rise resulting in flood in certain places and scarcity of water in other place. It is said if all glaciers melts then there will be no existence of the living creatures.
Therefore, it can be said that if the global warming process is not controlled with an immediate effect, this will affect the ecology in a negative way. Environmentalists say that an effective framework or strategy has to be developed to decrease the effect of global warming as fast as possible; there will be nothing left for the next generations.
Jonathan Schrag aims to keep the environment green and clean to suit the future generation and thus he has devoted his entire life to study about the nitty-gritty of environment and climate. Jonathan is at present working as deputy administrator in Rhode Island Division of Public Utilities and Carriers. Prior to this he has worked at Environmental Defense Fund as Senior Director, Clean Energy. He has also been associated with Hudson Strategic Energy Advisors, Lenfest Center for Sustainable Energy as well as New York University School of Law.